Glossary for manufacturers

As manufacturers, you contribute nearly $57 million each year to fund recovery in Québec. Thank you!

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CP&PM sold as products

“CP&PM” are containers, packaging and printed matter. “CP&PM sold as products” refer to all short-life containers and packaging and printed matter ultimately purchased as products by consumers and whose physical and esthetic features are altered following the first uses. In sum, “CP&PM sold as products” are any flexible or rigid material used to contain, protect or wrap a product or paper and other cellulosic fibres, whether or not used as a medium for text or images available for purchase by consumers through a retailer or distributor

For example, aluminum plates that are sold as products to consumers who use them to bake homemade pies. Because they are sold to consumers as containers and also because their physical and esthetic features are altered by use, aluminum pie plates constitute CP&PM sold as products and must be included in the company reports.

Indirect sales

Indirect sales are all products shipped to a distribution centre located outside Québec (e.g. Ontario) that are then reshipped to Québec to be sold by retailers in stores located in Québec.

Primary packaging

Primary packaging is the packaging that contains the product being sold. It is therefore in direct contact with the product. For example, the tube that contains toothpaste is primary packaging. Primary packaging must be reported.

Secondary packaging

Secondary packaging is the second level of packaging. In a single product unit, it is especially used to provide consumer information. For example, the box that contains the tube of toothpaste is secondary packaging. Secondary packaging also refers to packaging used to group several products into a single unit for purchase. For example, the plastic film used to wrap boxed tubes of toothpaste sold in a three-pack is considered secondary packaging. Secondary packaging sold to consumers must be reported.

Tertiary packaging

Tertiary packaging is used to ship and handle products. For example, the cardboard boxes, separators and shrink wrap used to stock products on a pallet are tertiary packaging.

Deduction for packaging taken back after delivery

When companies that deliver merchandise take back the packaging used to protect the delivered goods, they may deduct this packaging from the quantities of materials they report. More information on the methodology used to calculate this deduction is available in the Methodology tab in the reporting portal.

Deduction for transport packaging

The containers and packaging designed to facilitate the shipping and handling of a certain number of sales units or grouped packaging and which are not ultimately intended for consumers are excluded from the calculation to determine the total contribution and therefore do not need to be reported.

Deduction for CP&PM ultimately intended for industrial, commercial and institutional establishments

The containers, packaging and printed matter intended for a final consumer that is an industrial, commercial or institutional establishment are excluded from the calculation to determine the total contribution and therefore do not need to be reported.

Deduction for long-life packaging (five years)

Long-life containers and packaging (i.e. those meant to contain, protect or store products during their service lives) are excluded when they are designed for a service life of at least five years. For example, the box in which a puzzle or board game is sold in or the box in which certain tools are sold in constitute long-life packaging. Note: If the box is wrapped in plastic, this packaging must be reported.

Deduction for containers and packaging subject to another type of extended producer responsibility (EPR) program

If your containers, packaging or printed matter are subject to a deposit system recognized under Québec law or any other recovery and reclamation program based on the principle of extended producer responsibility, they are excluded from the calculation to determine the total contribution. Note that all the containers and packaging included with these products must be reported (e.g. the cardboard packaging for returnable bottles).

For more information on extended producer responsibility, go to RECYC-QUÉBEC dedicated (in French) or read more on the in Québec (in French).

Name

A name is the designation under which a company operates as a corporation, a partnership or an individual.

Brand

Generally speaking, a brand is used by a company to set its products and services apart from others (e.g. a trademark). This definition does not include certification marks.

Distinguishing guise

A distinguishing guise is the unique way an organization wraps or packages a product to set itself apart or distinguish a product from others on the market.

Methodology to facilitate the reporting process

It is important to explain the methodology used to collect or estimate your data as part of the reporting process. In this section, you will find everything you need to develop your own work methodology.

Use the dedicated page in the ECO-D online reporting portal to detail your methodology.

Methodology

  • List all the products sold during the reporting year.
  • Determine those responsible for each product:

– Include all the containers, packaging and printed matter related to your private brand products and those for which you are the first supplier in Québec.

  • Identify the components of each product for which you are responsible.

For example, for aluminum foil:
– weight of the box including the seal tab
– weight of the spool
– the aluminum foil itself will be designated as a product CP&PM as of the 2018 Schedule of Contributions (see the following point).

  • Note that as of the 2018 Schedule of Contributions, the containers, packaging and printed matter sold as products (product CP&PM) are designated materials and must be reported by your company, if applicable. For example:

– aluminium pie plates
– plastic wine glasses
– polystyrene plates
– HDPE/LDPE (plastic) film, aluminum foil, parchment paper and waxed paper.

  • If you own a boutique, include the materials added at the point of sale.

For example:
– receipts and invoices
– shopping and prescription bags
– gift wrapping, etc.

If applicable, include all marketing-related printed matter.

For example:
– flyers and catalogues
– inserts, promotional booklets, etc.

  • List all the containers, packaging and printed matter used to fulfill online orders. For example: shipping boxes, added envelopes, etc.
  • List the products distributed free of charge at special and promotional events
  • Indicate the data sources used to complete your report.

For example: real unit weight determined manually or provided by the manufacturer, supplier or printer.

Deductions

  • Transport packaging that is not ultimately meant for consumers.
  • Containers, packaging and printed matter recovered after in-home delivery.
  • Returned merchandise that is:

– recalled

– expired

– damaged and cannot be sold to a consumer

– not distributed

  • All containers, packaging and printed matter used or recovered in-house, unsold or not distributed due to recall.
  • All refundable containers. For example: soft drink containers, etc.
  • The private brands that you do not own and which are produced for another company
  • Containers and packaging meant for a final consumer that is an industrial, commercial or institutional establishment.

Information to have on hand when filing your report online

  • Describe your activities and products and list the number of points of sale or entities in Québec
  • Mention the changes since the last report.
  • Explain any considerable variations between the current quantities you are reporting and those included in the last report.

For example:
– Increase or decrease in sales (%)
– launch of new products
– acquisition or sale of brands
– reduction in packaging
– implementation of new measures

Reporting the containers, packaging and printed matter you put on the market in Québec each year can be a time-consuming exercise. But the right tools make it easier!

Examples of designated materials to include in your report

Television / computer screen / dishwasher / wine refrigerator / furniture / tools / others
Products: To be classified in:

Polystyrene corner protectors

Expanded polystyrene – cushioning packaging

Plastic protective film and bags

HDPE and LDPE film

Plastic cable ties 

Other plastics, polymers and polyurethane

Wire tires 

Plastic laminants

Instruction manual and warranty information

Other printed matter

Frozen pizza
Products: To be classified in:

Box

Boxboard and other paper packaging or corrugated cardboard 

 

 

Plastic packaging 

HDPE and LDPE film

Tray 

Corrugated cardboard or paper laminants

Shoes
Products: To be classified in:

Box 

Corrugated cardboard or Boxboard and other paper packaging

PaperKraft wrapping paper 

Kraft wrapping paper

Tag

Kraft wrapping paper

Tag tie 

Other plastics, polymers and polyurethane

Cough lozenges / allergy medication
Products: To be classified in:

Box 

Boxboard and other paper packaging

Hassle-free reporting

Examples of containers, packaging and printed matter made up of several materials subject to a fee

Some containers, packaging and printed matter raise a few questions. In what material class should I report the bottlecap, label or lid? A picture is worth a thousand words!

Important note:

  • The bottom of the frozen concentrate beverages containers must be reported in the weight of the main container under « Paper laminants » category, even if in fact it is made of steel. Therefore, you should weigh the entire container, including the bottom.

Important note:

  • 1 Check the material of the cap carefully. If the cap is made of steel, include it in the Other steel containers category. If the cap is made of aluminum, include it in the “Other aluminum containers and packaging” category.
  • The label must be included in the weight of the main packaging and thus reported in the “Coloured glass” category, even if it is not made of coloured glass.

Important note:

  • 1 If they are made of no.3 or no.7 plastic, these packaging options may be reported in the “PVC, polylactic acid (PLA) and other degradable plastics” category.

Important note : 

  • 1 This particular bottle is opaque or non-translucent green or blue PET plastic and must be reported in the “Other plastics, polymers and polyurethane” category.

  • 2 The label must be included in the weight of the main packaging in the ” Other plastics, polymers and polyurethane” category, even if it is not made of other plastics.

Important note:

  • 1 The label and handle must be included in the weight of the main packaging in the “other plastics, polymers and polyurethane” category, even if they are not made of other plastics, polymers or polyurethane.

Important note:

  • 1 The adhesive tape must be included in the weight of the main packaging in the corrugated cardboard” category, even if it is not made of corrugated cardboard.

Important note:

  • 1 The label must be included in the weight of the main packaging and thus reported in the “PET bottles” category, even if it is not made of PET.

Important note:

  • For all the packaging options pictured here, the labels must be included in the same category as the main packaging, even if they are made of a different material.
  • 1 These packaging options are made of flexible plastic and must therefore be reported in the “PVC, polylactic acid (PLA) and other degradable plastics” category.
  • Similar packaging made of rigid plastic may be reported in the “Other plastics, polymers and polyurethane” category.
  • 2 Check the plastic code on the packaging and report the material in the corresponding category:
    • No.1: PET container
    • No.2, 5 and 7: Other plastics, polymers and polyurethane
    • No.6: Non-expanded polystyrene
    • No.7: PVC, polylactic acid (PLA) and other degradable plastics

Common errors by manufacturers

The reports filed by manufacturers often contain the same errors. Here are some tips and tricks to help you avoid them!

Making keying and calculation errors

Examples and explanations Tips
  • Calculation errors
  • Conversion errors (e.g. between litres, kilograms, pounds, etc.)
  • Calculation errors in the number of units (e.g. for multipacks)
  • Exclusion or double counting of subtotals

Entry of incorrect or inexact data or data with the decimal in the wrong position

  • Have an external third party, the in-house validation team or an individual other than the representative filling in the report confirm the data.
  • Lock the cells with formulas in your Excel file.
  • Filter similar products to identify variations in weights to quickly identify inadvertent errors (e.g. the addition of a decimal point or comma).
  • Update the weights of the containers, packaging and printed matter on a regular basis (every three to four years).
  • Pay particular attention to multipacks, which often create calculation errors.

For example, if a company sells a pack of 24 bottles of water in a cardboard box ultimately intended for the consumers, it must report the box and 24 times the weight of the plastic bottle. The error is much more common when entering data for boxes of multipacks. For example, when a box contains four packs of six bottles wrapped in plastic, 1 cardboard box (if intended for the consumers), 4 overpack films and 24 bottles must be reported.

Subtracting ineligible deductions

Examples and explanations Tips
  • Deductions for packaging that is not intended for the consumer’s place of residence
  • Deductions that are not documented or supported by quantitative data
  • Obtain verifiable quantitative data to support the deductions (sales reports, third-party studies, etc.). These data must be available for verification upon request.
  • Ensure that all deductions are allowed under the rules (sections 3.3. and 3.6) for the materials that are eligible for a deduction and for which you have adequate justification.
  • Before you invest resources to develop a methodology or obtain data to calculate a deduction, contact ÉEQ to validate your approach.

Not reporting indirect sales

Examples and explanations Tips
  • Companies must report the products sold directly and indirectly to Québec consumers.
  • Errors are generally due to the sources of certain data, especially the number of units sold. Several reports are based on the province of dispatch and include the quantities shipped to retailer distribution centres in the province.
  • When a product is shipped to a retailer’s distribution centre, the retailer may ship the products to another province. Even so, the manufacturer must report the products in the province in which they are sold.
  • Determine whether certain clients (retailers) sell your products in other provinces.
  • Obtain information on the products sold in Québec by retailers whose distribution centres are located outside Québec so as to include them in your reports.
  • Do not include the units sold outside Québec that were shipped to a distribution centre in Québec.
  • Consult the information sheet developed by ÉEQ on quantifying interprovincial sales

Not reporting materials from multipack containers and packaging or reporting materials in the wrong category

Examples and explanations Tips
  • Each detachable packaging component must be reported and categorized.
  • The number of units for each packaging component may vary.
  • Read the Materials Guide.
  • Ask the suppliers, since they often know what types of materials you use.
  • When in doubt, contact ÉEQ’s Company Services team for information on the material types.
  • Consult the Materials Guide to categorize your materials.

Not reporting the sales packaging generated through e-commerce

Examples and explanations Tips
  • When a consumer in Québec places an online order, you must report the containers, packaging and printed matter related to the product and the packaging used to ship the product (when it is not the product’s own packaging).
  • You must report the cardboard boxes and shipping envelopes intended for consumers.
  • Obtain data on consumer sales via your online platform.
  • Weigh the shipping material you typically use to determine the quantities generated based on the quantities used.

Not reporting the materials included with products covered by other regulations (e.g. box for deposit cans)

Examples and explanations Tips

When you sell a container subject to another regulation, you must include all secondary packaging (if applicable), since it is generally not targeted by other regulations.

  • RETURNABLE CONTAINERS: The secondary packaging included with returnable containers is subject to the compensation plan (e.g. six-pack rings).
  • PAINT, OIL and ANTIFREEZE: Secondary containers are subject to the compensation plan (e.g. cardboard boxes used to ship several containers if ultimately intended for Québec consumers).
  • COMPACT FLUORESCENT LIGHT BULBS, BATTERIES AND ELECTRONICS: Their containers and packaging are subject to the compensation plan.

You generate less than 15 TM of designated materials or your revenue is in the $1M and $2M range?